Melanin is a pigment produced naturally in the skin, and it’s what gives us our natural colour or pigmentation. But sun exposure, hormonal influences, injuries, genetic factors, certain illnesses and ageing can all lead to an overproduction of melanin in particular areas, causing hyperpigmentation skin or dark spots to appear. People with darker skin tones tend to be at more risk of hyperpigmentation skin, but it affects people of all ethnicities.
Hyperpigmentation skin is a common skin condition that’s also referred to by the following names:
- Pigmentation spots
- Dark spots
- Age spots
- The dark beard
- Acne marks
It can cause significant distress – even though hyperpigmentation itself is usually harmless – as the dark spots tend to appear on the face, hands, and other highly visible body parts that have been exposed to the sun, and can be difficult to hide.
Hyperpigmentation skin results in flat, darkened patches of skin that are light brown to black in colour, and can vary in size and shape. There are many types of hyperpigmentation, but the following are the most common.
Pigment spots – including age spots and freckles – are caused by sun exposure.For this reason, they appear mainly on body parts that are frequently exposed, such as the face, hands and arms. They tend to be small, darkened patches of skin.
Melasma or chloasma is often referred to as “the mask of pregnancy”, as it affects 90% of pregnant women. It occurs due to hormonal influences such as pregnancy and birth control pills, and causes dark and irregularly shaped areas on the face or arms that can be quite large.
Whatever type of hyperpigmentation skin you are suffering from, if affects your confidence, makes you self conscious and obstructs your way of happy living, then opt for a Dermaroller treatment which is the only proven, guaranteed and cost effective way to fade it gradually and permanently within 6 to 8 weeks.